In the mid-19th century, John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood traveled though the sites in Chiapas and other Mayan areas and published their writings and illustrations. April 2014 offiziell eröffnet wurde. Its topography is mountainous with many narrow valleys and karst formations called uvalas or poljés, depending on the size.  The highest peak in Chiapas is the Tacaná Volcano at 4,800 meters above sea level. The Northern Mountains (Montañas del Norte) are in the north of the state. Within the depression there are a number of distinct valleys. Dezember 2020 um 20:10 Uhr bearbeitet.  Palenque is the most important of these sites, and one of the most important tourist destinations in the state.  Out of Chiapas' 111 municipios, ninety-nine have significant indigenous populations. They embroider many of their own clothes but do not sell them. The state's society evolved into three distinct spheres: indigenous peoples, mestizos from the farms and haciendas and the Spanish colonial cities. Pijijiapan and Izapa are on the Pacific coast and were the most important pre Hispanic cities for about 1,000 years, as the most important commercial centers between the Mexican Plateau and Central America. He also advocated adapting the teaching of Christianity to indigenous language and culture. Chiapas, Soconusco and Tuxla regions were united to the first time as an intendencia during the Bourbon Reforms in 1790 as an administrative region under the name of Chiapas. In 2002, 28,582 tons of fish valued at 441.2 million pesos was produced. There was a small experiment with democracy in the form of "open city councils" but it was shortlived because voting was heavily rigged. Mayan sites are not only noted for large numbers of structures, but also for glyphs, other inscriptions, and artwork that has provided a relatively complete history of many of the sites.  The Spanish introduced new crops such as sugar cane, wheat, barley and indigo as main economic staples along native ones such as corn, cotton, cacao and beans. It focused more on trying to manipulate public opinion in order to obtain concessions from the government. Gordon Pulver is on Facebook. Book your escape today! If this was not enough, these workers became indebted to these same shops and then unable to leave. Japanese immigration to Mexico began in 1897 when the first thirty five migrants arrived in Chiapas to work on coffee farms, so that Mexico was the first Latin American country to receive organized Japanese immigration. The agricultural sector of the economy now favors ejidos and other commonly-owned land.  The Central Highlands have been the population center of Chiapas since the Conquest. Besonders im Sommer ist man von der ganzen Blütenpracht verzaubert. Married women arrange their hair in two braids and single women wear it loose decorated with ribbons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. , Toniná is near the city of Ocosingo with its main features being the Casa de Piedra (House of Stone) and Acropolis. While the Mayan sites are the best-known, there are a number of other important sites in the state, including many older than the Maya civilization.  Seafood is a strong component in many dishes along the coast.  Jaime Sabines is widely regarded as Mexico's most influential contemporary poet. Through that alliance, they could block land reform in this way as well. In addition, it has museums dedicated to the state's indigenous cultures, one to amber and one to jade, both of which have been mined in the state. , The Sierra Madre de Chiapas runs parallel to the Pacific coastline of the state, northwest to southeast as a continuation of the Sierra Madre del Sur. Aktuelle Wartezeit Chiapas DIE Wasserbahn im Phantasialand, LIVE! In addition to meat dishes, there is chirmol, a cooked tomato sauced flavored with chili pepper, onion and cilantro and zats, butterfly caterpillars from the Altos de Chiapas that are boiled in salted water, then sautéed in lard and eaten with tortillas, limes, and green chili pepper.  One reason for the Church's efforts to reach out to the indigenous population was that starting in the 1970s, a shift began from traditional Catholic affiliation to Protestant, Evangelical and other Christian sects. Fahrt mit der Colorado Adventure Achterbahn im Phantasialand, Aufnahme der gesamten Fahrt aus der Bahnspitze heraus. The terrain is rugged with small valleys whose natural vegetation is high altitude rainforest. The Sierra Madre divides them into those that flow to the Pacific and those that flow to the Gulf of Mexico. Although the area has extensive resources, much of the local population of the state, especially in rural areas, did not benefit from this bounty. Other mines are found in Huitiupán, Totolapa, El Bosque, Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán, Pantelhó and San Andrés Duraznal.  Agustina Gómez Checheb was a girl tending her father's sheep when three stones fell from the sky.  The 20th century saw large population growth in Chiapas.  The ecosystem covers an area of approximately 1.9 million hectares extending from Chiapas into northern Guatemala and southern Yucatán Peninsula and into Belize. It was begun when an organization to establish a state level institution was formed in 1965, with the university itself opening its doors ten years later in 1975. , The state has approximately 22,517 km of highway with 10,857 federally maintained and 11,660 maintained by the state. The area has large numbers of wildlife including endangered species such as eagles, quetzals and jaguars.  These sites contain a large number of structures, most of which date back thousands of years, especially to the sixth century.  The route visits a number of coffee plantations, such as Hamburgo, Chiripa, Violetas, Santa Rita, Lindavista, Perú-París, San Antonio Chicarras and Rancho Alegre. Following the end of Spanish rule in New Spain, it was unclear what new political arrangements would emerge. Die Geister Rikscha, ein Stück Geschichte des Phantasialand. The isolation of Chiapas from centers of power, along with the strong internal divisions in the intendencia caused a political crisis after royal government collapsed in Mexico City in 1821, ending the Mexican War of Independence. It is divided into 124 municipalities as of September 2017[update] and its capital city is Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Rainfall decreases moving towards the Pacific Ocean, but it is still abundant enough to allow the farming of bananas and many other tropical crops near Tapachula. The Catazajá Lake is 28 km north of the city of Palenque.  Coffee is cultivated on the slopes of these mountains mostly between 600 and 1200 masl. One important ingredient is chipilin, a fragrant and strongly flavored herb and hoja santa, the large anise-scented leaves used in much of southern Mexican cuisine. Chiapas, DIE Wasserbahn is an Intamin flume ride in Phantasialand, a theme park in Germany, which opened on 1 April 2014.It is located in the park's Mexico area and replaced Stonewash and Wildwash Creek, which were both demolished in 2011. Phantasialand – alle Infos auf einen Blick. Many indigenous, in particular the Maya are employed in the production of traditional clothing, fabrics, textiles, wood items, artworks and traditional goods such as jade and amber works. Tourism has become important in some areas of the state, especially in San Cristóbal de las Casas and Palenque. European epidemics were hindered by the tierra fría climate, allowing the indigenous peoples in the highlands to retain their large numbers.  Today, there are an estimated fifty-six linguistic groups. Pux-Xaxé is a stew with beef organ meats and mole sauce made with tomato, chili bolita and corn flour.  Yaxchilan is known for the large quantity of excellent sculpture at the site, such as the monolithic carved stelae and the narrative stone reliefs carved on lintels spanning the temple doorways. Men no longer wear traditional garb daily as it is considered too expensive to make. Das Phantasialand in Brühl ist sicherlich einer der bekanntesten Freizeitparks in Deutschland.  Unlike many other states, Chiapas has a wide variety of wood resources such as cedar and mahogany as well as plant species such as reeds, ixtle and palm. This Spanish city had much Arabic influence in its architecture, and this was incorporated into the colonial architecture of Chiapas, especially in structures dating from the 16th to 18th centuries. Most of the first are short rivers and streams; most longer ones flow to the Gulf. Collier, George A. , Für den Wintertraum 2014/15 wurde der Soundtrack von IMAscore mit weihnachtlichen Klängen überarbeitet. Indian populations are concentrated in a few areas, with the largest concentration of indigenous-language-speaking individuals is living in 5 of Chiapas's 9 economic regions: Los Altos, Selva, Norte, Fronteriza, and Sierra. This action continued for six years, until President Carranza was assassinated in 1920 and revolutionary general Álvaro Obregón became president of Mexico.  These families split into Liberals in the lowlands, who wanted further reform and Conservatives in the highlands who still wanted to keep some of the traditional colonial and church privileges.  However, the main two groups, the Tzotzils and Tzeltals of the central highlands were subdued enough to establish the first Spanish city, today called San Cristóbal de las Casas, in 1528.  An Indian army gathered at Zontehuitz then attacked various villages and haciendas. Фејсбук омогућава људима да … Join Facebook to connect with Gordon Pulver and others you may know. Ciudad Real was renamed San Cristóbal de las Casas in 1828. Most of its socioeconomic indicators are the lowest in the country including income, education, health and housing. Phantasialand . Its 53° drop is the steepest drop on a log flume in the world. They include skirts, belts, rebozos, blouses, huipils and shoulder wraps called chals. On market day, many indigenous people from rural areas come into San Cristóbal to buy and sell mostly items for everyday use such as fruit, vegetables, animals, cloth, consumer goods and tools.  There was some ambiguity about the relationship between Ruiz and Marcos and it was a constant feature of news coverage, with many in official circles using such to discredit Ruiz. From November to January, the annual crop is harvested and processed employing thousands of seasonal workers. The border between Mexico and Guatemala had been traditionally poorly guarded, due to diplomatic considerations, lack of resources and pressure from landowners who need cheap labor sources.  Sima de las Cotorras is a sinkhole 140 meters deep with a diameter of 160 meters in the municipality of Ocozocoautla.  The site contains impressive ruins, with palaces and temples bordering a large plaza upon a terrace above the Usumacinta River. Today, the canyon is a popular destination for ecotourism. These haciendas provide visitors with the opportunity to see how coffee is grown and initially processed on these farms. The largest amber mine is in Simojovel, a small village 130 km from Tuxtla Gutiérrez, which produces 95% of Chiapas' amber. , The state has about 13.5% of all of Mexico's indigenous population, and it has been ranked among the ten "most indianized" states, with only Campeche, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and Yucatán having been ranked above it between 1930 and the present. Wonderful 2 days, a perfect 2 day holiday within a 2 hours drive from Frankfurt. They primarily cultivate corn and beans, as well as sugar cane, rice, coffee, and some fruits. The oldest is pozol, originally the name for a fermented corn dough. They live near the ruins of Bonampak and Yaxchilan and local lore states that the gods resided here when they lived on Earth.  Over the past five years the port has grown with its newest addition being a terminal for cruise ships with tours to the Izapa site, the Coffee Route, the city of Tapachula, Pozuelos Lake and an Artesanal Chocolate Tour. They are technically more advanced than earlier Olmec sites, which can best be seen in the detailed sculpting and novel construction techniques, including structures of four stories in height. Pumbo is a beverage made with pineapple, club soda, vodka, sugar syrup and much ice.  It is home to around 400 species of birds including several rare species such as the horned guan, the quetzal and the azure-rumped tanager. This area contains as much as 25% of Mexico's total species diversity, most of which has not been researched. The secondary sector, mostly energy production, but also commerce, services and tourism, accounts for 21.8%. One of the park’s older areas is China Town. , The Central Highlands, also referred to as Los Altos, are mountains oriented from northwest to southeast with altitudes ranging from twelve to sixteen hundred meters above sea level.  In the pre Classic period from 1800 BCE to 300 CE, agricultural villages appeared all over the state although hunter gather groups would persist for long after the era. San Cristóbal de las Casas and San Juan Chamula maintain a strong indigenous identity.  It is estimated that in the 1980s to 1990s as many as 100,000 indigenous people moved from the mountain areas into cities in Chiapas, with some moving out of the state to Mexico City, Cancún and Villahermosa in search of employment. phantasialand/Chiapas waterbaan Selin&Bora - Duration: 7:57. atilla dagdelen 9,160 views. This would lead to a breach between the Church and the Zapatistas. , Because of its high rate of economic marginalization, more people migrate from Chiapas than migrate to it. All of the hydroelectric plants are owned and operated by the Federal Electricity Commission (Comisión Federal de Electricidad, CFE). 4 of Chiapas' indigenous languages Tzeltal, Tzotzil, Tojolabal and Chol are high-vitality languages, meaning that a high percentage of these ethnicities speak the language and that there is a high rate of monolingualism in it. , There are three main tourist routes: the Maya Route, the Colonial Route and the Coffee Route. There are also other ancient sites including Tapachula and Tepcatán, and Pijijiapan. Phantasialand Brühl: Mann (58) stirbt bei Unfall im Phantasialand Von Hebebühne eingequetscht : Mann (58) stirbt bei Achterbahn-Wartung im Phantasialand 14.03.17, 16:00 Uh, Ich bin sehr häufig im Phantasialand und an sich hatte ich eigentlich bei meinen bisherigen Fahrten das Gefühl, das die Sitze in Taron mindestens genauso viel Platz bieten wie die Big Boy Seats in der Black Mamba. The first military incursion was headed by Luis Marín, who arrived in 1523. Die ursprünglich für Sommer 2013 geplante Eröffnung wurde am 30.  Relations between the indigenous ethnic groups is complicated. , The Porfirio Díaz era at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th was initially thwarted by regional bosses called caciques, bolstered by a wave of Spanish and mestizo farmers who migrated to the state and added to the elite group of wealthy landowning families. Location.  Laguna Miramar is a lake in the Montes Azules reserve and the largest in the Lacandon Jungle at 40 km in diameter. Highlights. Black beans are the favored type.  Overcrowded land in the highlands was relieved when the rainforest to the east was subject to land reform. When you look at additions like Chiapas at Phantasialand, or the scale of investment at Efteling, you realise that these European rivals are leaving this park behind in the dust, quality-wise. After the Spanish subdued the area, the building of Spanish style cities began, especially in the highland areas. Many of these sites are in Mazatan, Chiapas area. As Liberals gained the upper hand nationally in the mid-19th century, one Liberal politician Ángel Albino Corzo gained control of the state.  The Dominican evangelizers became early advocates of the indigenous' people's plight, with Bartolomé de las Casas winning a battle with the passing of a law in 1542 for their protection. This production equals 6,313.6 cubic metres (222,960 cu ft) of natural gas and 17,565,000 barrels of oil per year. , The arrival of thousands of refugees from Central America stressed Mexico's relationship with Guatemala, at one point coming close to war as well as a politically destabilized Chiapas.  Grievances, strongest in the San Cristóbal and Lacandon Jungle areas, were taken up by a small leftist guerrilla band led by a man called only "Subcomandante Marcos. Auf seiner relativ kleinen Fläche bietet der Freizeitpark seinen Besuchern eine Menge Action, Adrenalin und natürlich Shows. Informationen über Achterbahnen und Karussells und Wasserattraktionen. All pieces here are made by hand using techniques that go back centuries.  One famous toy is the "muñecos zapatistas" (Zapatista dolls), which are based on the revolutionary group that emerged in the 1990s. These mountains also receive large amounts of rainfall with moisture from the Gulf of Mexico giving it a mostly hot and humid climate with rains year round.  The concept of "mestizo" or mixed indigenous European heritage became important to Mexico's identity by the time of Independence, but Chiapas has kept its indigenous identity to the present day. On the several parallel "sierras" or mountain ranges running along the center of Chiapas, climate can be quite temperate and foggy, allowing the development of cloud forests like those of the Reserva de la Biosfera el Triunfo, home to a handful of resplendent quetzals and horned guans. The state was part of a large region dominated by the Mayans during the Classic period. The Chiapas/Guatemala border had been relatively porous with people traveling back and forth easily in the 19th and 20th centuries, much like the Mexico/U.S. max.  Nahá – Metzabok is an area in the Lacandon Jungle whose name means "place of the black lord" in Nahuatl. It has mostly deciduous rainforest although most has been converted to pasture for cattle and fields for crops. The earliest population of Chiapas was in the coastal Soconusco region, where the Chantuto peoples appeared, going back to 5500 BC. Und so wäre es nicht verwunderlich gewesen, einen Schwarm dieser Schmetterlinge im Phantasialand anzutreffen, denn hier hat im April 2014 ein schmerzlich vermisster Freizeitparkklassiker seinen triumphalen Rückzug gefeiert. The Tzotzils are also known for their continued use of the temazcal for hygiene and medicinal purposes. The color of its waters varies from indigo to emerald green and in ancient times, there were settlements on its islands and its caves on the shoreline.  Over 120 inscriptions have been identified on the various monuments from the site. Momentan, um 7 Uhr morgens, stehen die Expeditionsboote noch still.  The largest community is Ingeniero González de León in the La Cañada region, an hour outside the municipal seat of Las Margaritas. Cattle ranchers, loggers, and subsistence farmers migrated to the rain forest area. One reason for that is that a local chili pepper, called the simojovel, is far too hot to use except very sparingly. The remaining four regions, Centro, Frailesca, Soconusco, and Costa, have populations that are considered to be dominantly mestizo. Colors vary from white to yellow/orange to a deep red, but there are also green and pink tones as well. Seid ihr auf der Suche nach günstigen Tickets inklusive einer Hotelübernachtung? , The opening up of these lands also allowed many whites and mestizos (often called Ladinos in Chiapas) to encroach on what had been exclusively indigenous communities in the state. Coffee production intensified during the regime of Porfirio Díaz and the Europeans who came to own many of the large farms in the area.  Kudos to Phantasialand for thinking this out.  At its height, it had large cities, a writing system, and development of scientific knowledge, such as mathematics and astronomy. Ninety-four of its 111 municipalities have a large percentage of the population living in poverty. Sie ersetzt die im Jahr 2011 abgerissenen Wildwasserbahnen Stonewash und Wildwash Creek im Themenbereich Mexico an gleicher Stelle. It has deep salty soils due to its proximity to the sea. , Wood crafts in the state center on furniture, brightly painted sculptures and toys. The higher altitudes also have mesophile forests, oak/pine forests in the Los Altos, Northern Mountains and Sierra Madre and the extensive estuaries and mangrove wetlands along the coast. , Like in the rest of Mexico, Christianity was introduced to the native populations of Chiapas by the Spanish conquistadors. The main beaches on the coastline include Puerto Arista, Boca del Cielo, Playa Linda, Playa Aventuras, Playa Azul and Santa Brigida. The Lacandon people tend to wear a simple white tunic. This led to serious work on the culture including the deciphering of its hieroglyphic writing. Elites in highland cities pushed for incorporation into Mexico. 18.4% work in financial services, insurance and real estate, 10.7% work in commerce, restaurants and hotels, 9.8% work in construction, 8.9% in utilities, 7.8% in transportation, 3.4% in industry (excluding handcrafts), and 8.4% in agriculture.  Tamales juacanes are filled with a mixture of black beans, dried shrimp, and pumpkin seeds.  The official government response was to militarize the areas around the camps, which limited international access and migration into Mexico from Central America was restricted. The more radical of these even allowed indigenous groups the religious freedoms to return to a number of native rituals and beliefs such as pilgrimages to natural shrines such as mountains and waterfalls. Soon, the Tzoltzils and Ch'ols joined the Tzeltales in rebellion, but within a year the government was able to extinguish the rebellion. , Chiapas is rich in petroleum reserves. There were three years of peace after that until troops allied with the "First Chief" of the revolutionary Constitutionalist forces, Venustiano Carranza, entered in 1914 taking over the government, with the aim of imposing the Ley de Obreros (Workers' Law) to address injustices against the state's mostly indigenous workers.  The major reason for this was that the rebellion caught the attention of the national and world press, as Marcos made full use of the then-new Internet to get the group's message out, putting the spotlight on indigenous issues in Mexico in general. accused the clergy of being involved with the rebels. , There are an estimated 1.4 million students in the state from preschool on up.  This area is filled with rolling hills with a temperate and moist climate.  Today, the situation has quieted but the tension remains, especially in very isolated communities.. Chiapas has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the south. The official name of the state is Chiapas.   This isolation spared it from battles related to Independence. Da wir zu den älterem Semestern zählen gehen wir besonders gerne in die Shows die zu jeder Jahreszeit wechseln. In 1848, a group of Tzeltals plotted to kill the new mestizos in their midst, but this plan was discovered, and was punished by the removal of large number of the community's male members. Chiapas is yet another Phantasialand masterpiece, family friendly, unique, and done exactly right. Chiapas ist eine Wildwasserbahn im Phantasialand in Brühl, die am 1. One reason for this is its many indigenous ethnicities who produce traditional items out of identity as well as commercial reasons. Sie ersetzt die im Jahr 2011 abgerissenen Wildwasserbahnen Stonewash und Wildwash Creek im Themenbereich Mexico an gleicher Stelle. The name "Mochó" comes from a response many gave the Spanish whom they could not understand and means "I don't know." Most of the political struggles were between the last two groups especially over who would control the indigenous labor force. Added to this was a population of African slaves brought in by the Spanish in the middle of the 16th century due to the loss of native workforce. Most producers are small with plots of land under five hectares. , Although it has been estimated[by whom?] Kinder (4-11 J.  Chiapas ranks second among the Mexican states in the production of cacao, the product used to make chocolate, and is responsible for about 60 percent of Mexico's total coffee output. This is three hundred years before the Mayans developed their calendar. Development of this culture was agricultural villages during the pre-Classic period with city building during the Classic as social stratification became more complex. The descendants of Mokaya are the Mixe-Zoque. The population of the Lacandon was only one thousand people in 1950, but by the mid-1990s this had increased to 200 thousand. It developed between 350 and 810 CE. However, many of these lands had been in a kind of "trust" with the local indigenous populations, who worked them. In general, Chiapas has a humid, tropical climate. Glaubt mir! Weihnachts Gift-Guide mit Radbag [Werbung] November 23, … It has a significantly higher percentage of illiteracy than the rest of the country, although that situation has improved since the 1970s when over 45% were illiterate and 1980s, about 32%. Seid ihr auf der Suche nach günstigen Tickets inklusive einer Hotelübernachtung? Most households were nuclear families (70.7%) with 22.1% consisting of extended families. The diversity of species is not limited to the hot lowlands. Chiapas ist eine Wildwasserbahn im Phantasialand in Brühl, die am 1.  Rabasa also introduced the telegraph, limited public schooling, sanitation and road construction, including a route from San Cristóbal to Tuxtla then Oaxaca, which signaled the beginning of favoritism of development in the central valley over the highlands. Its economy is important to Mexico as a whole as well, producing coffee, corn, cacao, tobacco, sugar, fruit, vegetables and honey for export. The Reform War (1858–1861) fought between Liberals, who favored federalism and sought economic development, decreased power of the Roman Catholic Church, and Mexican army, and Conservatives, who favored centralized autocratic government, retention of elite privileges, did not lead to any military battles in the state. The coastal areas have large quantities of fish, turtles, and crustaceans, with many species in danger of extinction or endangered as they are endemic only to this area.  Most live around the Tacaná volcano, which the Mams call "our mother" as it is considered to be the source of the fertility of the area's fields. , The major center for ceramics in the state is the city of Amatenango del Valle, with its barro blanco (white clay) pottery. This included the Sureste railroad connecting northern municipalities such as Pichucalco, Salto de Agua, Palenque, Catazajá and La Libertad. Was dann geschah, war unglaublich - nass Meine Camera: Canon g7x Mark II - … In Tenejapa, women wear a huipil embroidered with Mayan fretwork along with a black wool rebozo. It has mostly deciduous rainforest although most has been converted to pasture for cattle and fields for crops.  Stories about the cult include embellishments such as the crucifixion of a young Indian boy. This order also worked to make sure that communities would keep their indigenous name with a saint's prefix leading to names such as San Juan Chamula and San Lorenzo Zinacantán.  In San Cristóbal, the Murabitun established a pizzeria, a carpentry workshop and a Quranic school (madrasa) where children learned Arabic and prayed five times a day in the backroom of a residential building, and women in head scarves have become a common sight. The women wear a red or blue skirt, a short huipil as a blouse, and use a chal or rebozo to carry babies and bundles. However, Corzo's rule would end in 1875, when he opposed the regime of Porfirio Díaz. It is recognized by the United Nations Environment Programme for its global biological and cultural significance. This dress usually includes pants, shirts and huipils made of undyed cotton, with leather huaraches, a carrying sack and a hat. , Multiple domestic constructions used by the population for religious purposes. One reason for this was the December 1997 massacre of forty-five Tzotzil peasants, mostly women and children in the Zapatista-controlled village of Acteal in the Chenhaló municipality just north of San Cristóbal.  Marimbas are constructed in Venustiano Carranza, Chiapas de Corzo and Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Liberal governments expropriated lands that were previously held by the Spanish Crown and Catholic Church in order to sell them into private hands. Meat dishes are frequently accompanied by vegetables such as squash, chayote and carrots. Придружите се Facebook-у ради повезивања са Gordon Pulver и другима које можда познајеш. One reason for this push in this area was that Mexico was still working to strengthen its claim on the area against Guatemala's claims on the region.  By the time the Spanish arrived, they had been reduced in number and territory. However, because of this diocese's activism since the 1960s, authorities[which?] In sechs Themenbereichen bietet das Phantasialand zahlreiche Fahrgeschäfte und Shows.  The river below, which has cut the canyon over the course of twelve million years, is called the Grijalva. border around the same time. There are thirty-seven local television stations and sixty-six repeaters. The Usumacinta divides the state from Guatemala and is the longest river in Central America.  These mountains, along the Sierra Madre of Chiapas become the Cuchumatanes where they extend over the border into Guatemala.